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Monti-sion

Monument

In 1561 the Jesuits established themselves in Majorca. The Jesuits occupied the place that until then had been the seat of the first Estudio General Luliano, and previously the plot of the old Sinagoga Major of the Jews.

In 1571 work started on the new church. The Jesuits' cultural, social and economic influence was not welcomed by the Crown, and it had the order suppressed from 1767 to 1815.  The church's portal has a complex system of plinths supporting alternating pilasters and barley-sugar columns decorated with floral motifs and with a composite order capital. Above the portal with its voussoir arch we can see a frieze and richly decorated archivolts.

The tympanum frames a large coat of arms, supported by two angels. This is the coat of arms of the sponsor of the work, Ramon de Verí. On the two sides there are statues of the first Jesuit saints: Ignatius of Loyola on the left and Francis Xavier on the right. An image of the Immaculate Conception crowns the portal, over the half-moon with a representation of the devil in the form of a beast and, higher up, the coat of arms of Saint Ignatius. A semi-circular gutter protects the ensemble. In the upper part there is a rose window with plain mouldings and a triangular pediment.  The inside of the church has single nave with a four sided chancel and six rectangular chapels on each side. The roof of the nave is a barrel vault with lunettes, supported by fluted pilasters. The chapels and the presbytery have rib vaults. The main altar piece was designed by Camilo Silvestre Perino and started in 1607. The tomb of Ramon de Verí is on the left of the presbytery.

The first chapel on the left hand side contains the tomb of saint Alphonsus Rodriguez, who for many years was the porter of Monti-sion, until his death in 1617. The chapel was started in 1635. It has a cruciform plan and an elevated section covered in marble slabs. The mausoleum with the body of the saint dates from 1825. 

The other rooms contain the cell of Saint Alphonsus, decorated as it would have been in the Saint's lifetime, and the Gothic altarpiece of Monti-sion that is in a chapel separate from the main church.